Tuesday, March 6, 2012

Original 1861 Map of Nevada & California, Utah-Humboldt Mountains

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Orig 1861 Map of Nevada & California, Utah-Humboldt Mountains
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"Explorations and Surveys for a Rail Road Route from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. War Department, Route near the 41st Parallels, Map No. 3 From the Humboldt Mountains to the Mud Lakes; from Explorations and Surveys made under the direction of the Hon. Jefferson Davis Secretary of War by Captain E. G. Beckwith, 3rd Artillery. F. W. Egloffstein Topographer for the Route 1855."

Washington: 1861. Good Condition.

Scale of 12 Miles to one inch or 1:760320. Folded flat and as removed from Volume XI - total size including margins (unfolded) 18 x 20.5 inches. Condition: there are creases where the map was folded to fit into the report volume, light browning along the folds, there is a dark spot of foxing on the left side of the map, also a few other dots of foxing on the map and in the margin area, toning at the outside edges.

In 1853, the U.S. Congress authorized the Corps of Topographic Engineers to undertake a survey of potential rail routes between the Mississippi River and the Pacific Ocean. This print is an illustration from the report of the survey at the 41st parallel under the leadership of Lt. Edward G. Beckwith, in the region between the Green River Valley and the Sacramento River Valley, conducted in 1854. Beckwith's survey was a continuation of the the survey at the 38th and 39th parallels headed by Captain John Gunnison, which was terminated in October, 1853 after Gunnison, artist Richard Kern and others were killed by Indians along the Sevier River, in what is now Utah. The routes of the Survey Party are shown, including their campsites, which are indicated by date and topographical details of the mountains are provided. "The line explored in 1854 runs south of the Railroad Line which runs along the Humboldt River to the bend of the river south of which it veers off from the river, which continues south. It then proceeds generally westerly to the Valley of the Mud Lakes (the route of the Western Pacific) north of Pyramid Lake. This lake is the sink of the Salmon Trout (Truckee) River, and the courses of the Carson and the Walker Rivers are shown farther to the south. North of the line, and north of Mud Lake, is the Black Rock Canon, Black Rock Creek and Black Rock Point..This is one of the best maps that F.W. Egloffstein drew for Beckwith."-- Wheat's Mapping the Transmississippi West #823. Digital photos available.

Bookseller Inventory #000975.

Price: $200. SOLD 3/17/12

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